Wednesday, 11 February 2015

Review: The Killers (1946)



Written in the 1920s, when mobsters were a constant scourge to America’s society, “The Killers,” though containing no more than 3,000 words, reflects palpably the spine-chilling horror and relentless hostility that accompany such organised crime. The novella bears testament to Ernest Hemingway’s unparalleled genius, in that the author’s penchant for laconicness creates the most timeless of beauty. It is a bracing thriller that comprises barely any descriptions of the incident but short, impetuous, unnervingly comical conversations between the characters. Hemingway’s purposely-designed ending- the built-up towards the final climax is perfectly dismantled by a wanting of dénouement- is the prime example of a great suspense.

In a 1947 film directed by Robert Siodmak, Hemingway’s story becomes a point of departure whereon screenwriter Anthony Veiller appropriates the authorial voice and fills the audience in of the reason an ex-boxer, an outstanding debut from Burt Lancaster, is targeted by two hit-men, played with due eeriness by Charles McGraw and William Conrad. Hemingway’s creation is still preserved in its entirety in the first 20 minutes of the film, with the actors carrying out the hard-edgedness of the original with much brilliance and adroitness.

The remainder revolves around the unravelling of the mystery. Edmond O’ Brien is fitting for the role of a calm and calculated life insurance investigator, who searches high and low in his dogged pursuit of solving the puzzle. Through flashback the ex-boxer is revealed as a ruined man doomed the moment he claps eyes on a femme fatale named Kitty Collins, the first breakout role for Ava Gardner. He takes to bad courses, joins a mob, confronts the mobsters and flees with the booty when he realises he is double-crossed; only to be double-crossed again later by, unsurprisingly, his beloved Kitty. It is slightly disappointing of how Veiller recklessly bastardised Hemingway’s masterpiece by conceiving the backstory of the ex-boxer with stock materials that were particularly favoured by 1940s’ film noir.

Hackneyed though it seems the picture still has its sterling moments, and is effusively praised by Hemingway. Indebting to Siodmak’s dexterity, the film retains much of the suspenseful elements that Hemingway would’ve approved of if he were having in mind a more detailed version of the novella. The mystery is pared down layer by layer, which increases greatly the entertainment and excitement that are otherwise worn off if the tempo is unwisely hastened. Exceptional performance by the leading cast- Lancaster is smouldering, wistful, tragic-heroic; Gardner never disappoints with her seamless shifting between the sultry and the duplicitous- also helps exalting the status of the film to that of the classic. The score is composed by the prolific Miklos Rozsa.


Those who maintain the conviction of always giving the adaptations a wide berth are still encouraged to experience the first 20 minutes of the film after they read the novella. The thrilling sensation of seeing the immortalised words of Hemingway being so gruffly bandied about is simply ineffable. Avid readers of Hemingway are bound to be delighted.

Tuesday, 3 February 2015

Review: Bonjour Tristesse (1958)



One of the few attractions of Bonjour Tristesse (1958), a half-baked domestic parable by Otto Preminger, is Jean Seberg, then still on the cusp of young adulthood, whose performance in the film had made such an abiding impression on Jean-Luc Godard that he intended her for the seminal À bout de souffle (1960). Seberg was gifted with the kind of face that made her easily adaptable to a wide range of characters of varying natures. There was, however, one type of role that she could never attempt with convincing effect- a guileless maiden. No, her beauty was never wide-eyed. In Bonjour Tristesse especially her contrived precocity takes the hue of slyness, which is often symptomatic of one’s barely contained rebellious streak.

A rebellious youth though she is, and admittedly a quite foolish one as it transpires, there is something rather poignant about Seberg’s Cecile that moves one to hedge one’s rash criticism. She is a miserable girl- only a few minutes into the film and the conclusion is already surmised. The sequence with Cecile’s subtle change of countenance when a maudlin ballad by Juliette Greco triggers a tragic memory- her eyes stare steely and penetratingly ahead, concealing in vain a mingled sensation of fear, forlornness and pain- has become one of the memorable moments in cinematic history, ironically with a film that, in its entirety, does not quite cohere with the standard and prominence of that scenic moment.

The film oscillates between the present and the past. Those scenes of Cecile’s remembrance - that summer when she and her father were holidaying in French Riviera- are imbued with garish, pyrotechnic colours, as opposed to the black-and-white of those in the present. Preminger’s adaptation of Françoise Sagan’s juvenilia betrays some glaring plot holes that are however not so noticeable in the novella. For instance, one can never understand the appeal of Raymond, Cecile’s father, played by David Niven, who is generally bored, stolid, indolent, far removed from the seductive, amoral libertine he was written to be.

Another inexplicable twist sees Anne Larson, played by Deborah Kerr, set to worming herself into the lives of Cecile and Raymond, whilst only minutes ago she huffily voiced her disapprobation of their dissipated lifestyle. These and other of such inconsistencies- due largely to the director’s willful reduction of Cecile’s internal monologues, which, in the book, sufficiently account for her incendiary relationship with Anne- inevitably reveal the film to be yet another botched effort from Preminger, after his much-slated Saint Joan (1957).

Despite several imperfections in Bonjour Tristesse, Seberg’s hauntingly deft performance is still worthy of note. Her presence in the film is so dazzlingly formidable that the other characters are almost fifth wheels in comparison. Save Elsa, whose flightiness and high-pitched squeakiness I personally found to be so much more interesting than the dull, pedantic Anne.

After the demise of Anne, which Cecile tried unsuccessfully to forestall, the father and daughter return to their decadent way of life. But nothing is the same as before. The hitherto intimate bond between them is irrevocably severed. Raymond seems now an empty shell of a man. Cecile feels constantly surrounded by “a wall of memory,” but little does she know that it is her ultimate awakening of a long dormant conscience that contributes to such inconsolable sadness and compunctions.


All the pent-up emotions lead to a climatic ending of the film, with Cecile tearing up before the looking glass. As the title intimates, “Hello, Sadness,” one feels Cecile’s tear is not going to stop anytime soon.